Textos para prova da 2ª unidade 2016. Colégio FCM.
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Flag of Brazil
The national flag of Brazil (Portuguese: Bandeira do Brasil) is a blue disc depicting a starry sky spanned by a curved band inscribed with the national motto "Ordem e Progresso" ("Order and Progress"), within a gold rhombus, on a green field. Brazil officially adopted this design for its national flag on November 19, 1889, replacing the flag of the Empire of Brazil. The concept was the work of Raimundo Teixeira Mendes, with the collaboration of Miguel Lemos, Manuel Pereira Reis and Décio Villares.
The green field and the gold rhombus from the previous imperial flag were preserved — the green represented the House of Braganza of Pedro I, the first Emperor of Brazil, while the gold represented the House of Habsburg of his wife, Empress Maria Leopoldina. A blue circle with 27 white five-pointed stars replaced the arms of the Empire of Brazil. The stars, whose position in the flag reflect the sky over Rio de Janeiro on November 15, 1889, represent the union's federated units — each star representing a specific state, plus one for the Federal District.
The motto Ordem e Progresso is inspired by Auguste Comte's motto of positivism: "L'amour pour principe et l'ordre pour base; le progrès pour but" ("Love as a principle and order as the basis; progress as the goal").
The Itaipava Arena Fonte Nova, also known as Complexo Esportivo Cultural Professor Octávio Mangabeira, is a football-specific stadium located in Salvador, Bahia, Brazil and has a maximum capacity of 55,000 people. The stadium was built in place of the older Estádio Fonte Nova.
The stadium was first used for the 2013 FIFA Confederations Cup and the subsequent 2014 FIFA World Cup. It will be one of the venues used for the football competition of the 2016 Summer Olympics.
A group of architects from Brunswick, Germany, which also redesigned the old Hanover stadium into a modern arena for the 2006 Cup, was selected after bidding. Since 2013, the brewery Itaipava from Grupo Petrópolis has the naming rights of the arena "Itaipava Arena Fonte Nova" under a sponsorship agreement until the year 2023, amounting to $100m. This was the first naming rights agreement signed for the 2014 World Cup stadiums.
The stadium was inaugurated on April 7, 2013, with a Campeonato Baiano game in which Vitória defeated Bahia 5-1. The first player to score a goal in the stadium was Vitória's Renato Cajá. During this match, some supporters were unable to see the game completely due to some blind spots. The stadium had excessive dust and some puddles. The company responsible for the stadium, owned by Grupo OAS and Odebrecht, said it was aware of the problems.
The battle for Brazil’s political soul
Demonstrators on both sides of the impeachment debate have set up two camps here before Sunday’s historic vote that could lead to the ouster of Dilma Rousseff, the country’s Workers’ Party president.
But they don't just disagree about whether Rousseff should be impeached over allegedly breaking fiscal-responsibility laws. They are engaged in an ideological battle for the political soul of the country.
They are divided on what they want for Brazil’s future and how they read the legacy of 13 years of Workers’ Party rule by Rousseff and her predecessor, former union leader Luiz Inácio Lula da Silva.
04The few thousand people camped outside the Mané Garrincha soccer stadium included trade unions, gay and lesbian rights groups, a landless workers’ movement, groups of black students from Brazil’s poorer northeast, and even indigenous activists from the Amazon.